China’s Great Liberal of the 20th Century – Hu Shih, Founder of Modern Chinese Language
開風氣而爲之師 – 中國偉大的知識分子 – 胡適
Doctor Hu Shih was the most remarkable Chinese intellectual of the 20th century. He was most notable for pioneering vernacular Chinese which replaced the classical version that had been the written language for many centuries. He delivered lectures at Beijing University and elsewhere, authored 44 books and countless articles, and influenced tens of thousands of Chinese. He promoted family planning, equality for women and freedom of marriage and whether to have children. He said China should solve its many problems through scientific research and analysis, not “isms”. As China’s ambassador in Washington from 1938-42, he was instrumental in persuading President Franklin Roosevelt not to sign a peace agreement with Japan and helping China to win the war.